Thursday, February 15, 2018

Friday, February 16. 2018

Today's schedule is A-B-C-D

A Block Law 12 - Today we'll review the difference between prejudice and discrimination. We'll look at discrimination in Canada focusing on the Persons case and women's issues of injustice connected employment and pay equity, sexual harassment, and discrimination against pregnant women. I'll have you work on the following questions:

1. What are some of the current barriers to equality facing women?
2. What is pay equity?
3. How are different jobs compared under pay equity?
4. What is employment equity?
5. What groups are protected under employment equity laws?

From our discussion yesterday, Supreme Court orders female firefighter rehired
From the Canadian Human Rights Reporter:
The Supreme Court of Canada held that the Government of British Columbia's aerobic standard used to test the fitness of forest firefighters discriminated on the basis of sex, and further that the Government failed to show that the discriminatory standard is justified as a bona fide occupational requirement ("BFOR").



After that we'll talk about the methods of enforcing rights guaranteed under the Charter (section 52 of the Constitution Act and Section 24 of the Charter). We'll look at the differences between "strike down", "read down" and "read in".

B Block Introduction to Law 10 - Today I'll have you watch a Fifth Estate episode called "The Unrepentant", from the CBC Fifth Estate website...

They are marked by their ability to kill without passion and without remorse. Some are called psychopaths - a term that evokes nightmare images of murderers and monsters. But the label can also apply to men and women who are successful, intelligent, charismatic, charming and amusing - and so all the more dangerous. This week on the fifth estate, Linden MacIntyre looks at what makes a psychopath through the fifth estate's close encounters with of four of Canada's most frightening criminals.


The fifth estate begins with "Lightning" Lee, a former kick-boxer who brutally victimized women and children who was described as a "textbook psychopath." The other criminals MacIntyre takes on didn't outwardly seem to be the type - the respected commander of an air force base, Russell Williams; and Karla Homolka, who convinced police and a psychiatrist she was a victim, even though she helped her husband assault and kill young girls, including her own younger sister. Finally, MacIntyre revisits the harrowing story of two teenaged friends who conspired to murder one of their families and were caught in a controversial RCMP sting. They are all disordered personalities, whose lack of empathy and shame inspires both fear and fascination.

C Block Criminology 12 - Some people think that since there is so much crime happening they feel the need to take on crime themselves. There are some costumed "super-hero" vigilantes in Seattle - members of the Rain City Superhero Movement. Check out the Seattle PI article on them here. You can check out the article and video from Good Morning America on Phoenix Jones broken nose here. You can watch the Young Turks video on the Rain City Superheroes here.

 And we'll watch the full doc  here...


D Block Human Geography 11 - Today's key question is "Why Does Population Growth Vary among Regions"? and it's kind of an important one to look at. Although population rates vary among countries, the model for a similar process of change in a society’s population is the demographic transition. So we'll look at the model...it looks like this:

This weekend I'll have you fill in the chart on the week three work package with characteristics describing each stage in the demographic transition model (CBR, CDR, NIR, etc.) along with the amount of growth of each stage (low, high, decreasing (aka moderate) etc. Consider Bulgaria. Bulgaria is projected to have the fastest-shrinking population in the world. It's already lost a fifth of its population since the 1990s. But what does this mean for those who remain? Bulgaria's dwindling population numbers happen in part because a lot of young adults have left the country so the birth rate is low but the Bulgarian government does not see immigration as a possible solution to the country's dwindling population. So...stage 4 (maybe 5) in the DTM. What should they do?

You'll also need to look at the ideas of Thomas Malthus (Malthusian theory)

I'll have you fill in a chart on the various theories of population growth and we end with this question:

Paul and Anne Ehrlich argue in The Population Explosion (1990) that a baby born in a developed country poses a greater threat to sustainability than a baby born in a developing country because people in developed countries place much higher demands on the world’s supply of energy, food, and other limited resources. Do you agree with this view? Why or Why not?

Today and tomorrow we're in the library (or using the netbooks) looking at 2017 World Population Data (using both the PRB Interactive Map and the pdf data sheet) to see current trends and numbers in world population. You have a webquest with questions in your week 3 work package to answer. You may work with a partner to find answers to the 17 questions but you all need to record answers. Use:

2017 World Population Data Map
2017 World Population Datasheet

For the last question you'll need to choose one of the following demographic variables using the World Population Data Sheet and create a choropleth map showing the distribution of that indicator on a world outline map:

Infant Mortality
Birth Rate
Death Rate
Total Fertility Rate
Life Expectancy

The instructions are in the week 3 package but feel free to ask me in class today or Monday. Good luck!

Wednesday, February 14, 2018

Thursday, February 15. 2018

Today's schedule is D-C-B-A

D Block Human Geography 11 - Today I lose you to the North Island College Open House. FYI, just in case you were thinking about NIC as an option, the course your taking now is kinda like  GEO-112 Introduction to Human Geography

GEO 112 critically examines the complex relations between people and places through key themes and concepts in the cultural, urban and economic fields of human geography. Topics to be studied include: local and popular cultures and landscapes, disappearing peoples, concepts of nature, the agricultural revolutions, global agricultural restructuring, agribusiness, food security, urban and suburban processes, development issues in the less developed world, barriers to and the costs of economic development, globalization, deindustrialization, and social change in the world system.
And to help you with your question about the Florida Everglades and the Netherlands from week (last week) check out:
 

C Block Criminology 12 - Today I'll have you work on three questions from yesterday about crime trends:

  1. Using pages 37 to 46 in the CRIM textbook outline and explain the crime patterns in relation to ecology, firearms, social class, age, gender and race.
  2. What is a chronic offender and what is the significance of Marvin Wolfgang's discovery (why is identifying the chronic offender important)?
  3. How would you explain the gender differences in the crime rate (why do you think males are more violent than females)? 
After a bit we'll talk about victims of crime. Every day we have specific routines we engage in. Many of these routines are tailored to preventing us from becoming victims of crime. We do things like lock our doors, watch where we walk at night, or avoid walking alone. We take these actions because at some level we are afraid of the possibility of being a victim of crime. Despite taking these actions people often fall prey to crime in Canada. So what do we know about victimization?

  1. Women were at higher risk than men of being victims of a violent crime
  2. Age was the key risk factor in violent victimization
  3. Drug use, binge drinking and the frequency of evening activities were associated with the risk of violent victimization
  4. Mental health was associated with the risk of violent victimization
  5. People who suffered child maltreatment were more likely to be victims of a violent crime
  6. People with a history of homelessness were more likely to report being a victim of a violent crime
  7. The risk of violent victimization was higher among people residing in a neighbourhood with low social cohesion
  8. Aboriginal people, in particular women, were more likely to be victims
  9. One-quarter of violent incidents took place at the victim’s place of work
  10. The majority of offenders were male and, on average, in their early thirties
  11. Most victims knew their attacker
  12. Most violent incidents did not involve weapons and did not result in physical injury
  13. Low social cohesion was associated with a higher risk of household victimization
  14. Households residing in apartments or condos were less likely to be victimized by household crime
  15. The size of the household was linked to the risk of victimization
  16. One incident in five resulted in losses of $1,000 or more
  17. Most incidents of victimization did not come to the attention of the police

B Block Introduction to Law 10 - So today we'll continue our look at profiling and both the benefits and pitfalls of it. Let me state up front that yesterday was another bad day for our neighbour to the south of us. Seventeen (17) people were murdered at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland Florida. This is just another really, really tragic event in an unfortunate series of mass shootings. The Parkland shooting is now among the 10 deadliest mass shootings in modern US history. Our topic yesterday and today was/is the differences in motives among serial and mass murder and how profiling can be good or bad here. With that in mind I hope you take a moment to honour those who lost their lives yesterday. Canada is not immune, in 1989 at É​cole Polytechnique in Montreal Marc Lépine murdered 14 women and last year Alexandre Bissonnette murdered 6 people and injured 8 others at a Mosque in Quebec City.

If you remember we were discussing ASPD along with Psychopathy and Sociopathy and I mentioned that in movies and TV shows (yes, I'm talking about you Criminal Minds), psychopaths and sociopaths are usually the villains who kill or torture innocent people. In real life however, while some people with antisocial personality disorder can be violent, most are not. Some experts see sociopaths as “hot-headed”, acting without thinking how others will be affected while psychopaths are more “cold-hearted” and calculating, plotting their moves, using aggression in a planned-out way to get what they want. So, many (NOT all) prolific and notorious serial killers are psychopaths.
Dr. Robert Hare of the University of British Columbia created a checklist called the PCL-R (Psychopathy Checklist Revised) which we'll examine along with the "Unholy Trinity" of serial killer characteristics (AKA The Macdonald triad or the triad of sociopathy or the homicidal triad) and today we'll watch a video on how profiling was developed in the F.B.I. Behavioural Science Unit (through the efforts of many highlighted by the work of John Douglas) today. The first part of the video focuses on Wayne Williams and then looks at Robert Hansen. Don't forget that in Canada the R.C.M.P. call the technique criminal investigative analysis.

As for Mass Murder check out:

1,516 mass shootings in 1,735 days
Mass Shooting Tracker
Gun Violence Archive

and for help with why check out:

Why are most mass murderers men?
A terrifying link between mass murder and domestic violence
Mass Shootings in the United States: 2009-2016
Why mass shootings keep happening
Mental Illness Is Not the Main Cause of Mass Shootings in America
Scientists Try To Explain What Makes A Mass Murderer
Why Better Mental-Health Care Won't Stop Mass Shootings

A Block Law 12 - Today  we'll talk about the Parkland Florida shootings that took place yesterday. For more look above at the junior law class.

Tuesday, February 13, 2018

Wednesday, February 14. 2018

Happy Valentines Day family; Today's schedule is B-A-D-C-Flex

B Block 9:00 – 10:00
AG 10:05 – 10:15
A Block 10:20 – 11:20
Lunch 11:20 – 12:00
D Block 12:05 – 1:05
C Block 1:10 – 2:10
Personalized Learning 2:10 – 3:15

B Block Introduction to Law 10 - Today we'll finish up work on our "Typical Victim" of Assault. Who will most likely be assaulted and why? Now you are taking information and enhancing stereotypes for the people you are drawing. The stereotypes you're basing your drawings on are an example of profiling. In terms of profiling, we'll spend time discussing the differences between mass and serial murder. We will look at profiling and begin to understand what a psychopath is. Dr. Robert Hare of the University of British Columbia created a checklist called the PCL-R (Psychopathy Checklist Revised). We'll examine the "Unholy Trinity" of serial killer characteristics and today we'll watch a video on how profiling was developed in the F.B.I. Behavioural Science Unit (through the efforts of many highlighted by the work of John Douglas) today.

A Block Law 12 - To start the class we'll talk about equality and look at section 15 of the Charter. After that we'll look at the difference between prejudice and discrimination. We'll look at discrimination in Canada focusing on the Persons case and women's issues employment and pay equity, sexual harassment, and discrimination against pregnant women. I'll have you work on the following questions:

1. What are some of the current barriers to equality facing women?
2. What is pay equity?
3. How are different jobs compared under pay equity?
4. What is employment equity?
5. What groups are protected under employment equity laws?

D Block Human Geography 11 - Today we'll try to answer the Key Question "Why Is Global Population Increasing"? Geographers most frequently measure population change in a country or the world as a whole through three measures -  crude birth rate, crude death rate, and natural increase rate and we'll look at those today along with measures of fertility and mortality along with population pyramids.


You'll have some questions to work on for me in order to understand our key concept:

  1. About how many people are being added to the world’s population each year?
  2. How does the TFR in your family compare to the overall figure for North America? 
  3. Match the Country with the population pyramid and explain why (Canada, Chad & Germany)
  4. Name a type of community that might have a lot more males than females. Why so?
We'll also play around a bit on Gapminder to visualize these statistics


C Block Criminology 12 - You now know that the crime data indicate that rates have declined significantly in the past few years and are now far less than they were a decade ago. One of the major suspected causes for the crime rate drop is the age structure of society; the number of young males in Canada is lower than before and the data sources show relatively stable patterns in the crime rate. Ecological patterns show that crime varies by season and by urban versus rural environment, however there is evidence of gender patterns in the crime rate: Men commit more crime than women. Age is one of the largest influences on crime; young people commit more crime than the elderly (and there are fewer young people in society). Crime data show that people commit less crime as they age, but the significance and cause of this pattern are still not completely understood.

Although police-reported crime in Canada (measured by the Crime Severity Index CSI) increased for the second year in a row in 2016, the national CSI increased only 1% but remained 29% lower than a decade earlier in 2006. Highlights of the Stats Can Report show:

  1. In 2016, the overall volume and severity of violent crime, as measured by the violent CSI, was virtually unchanged from the previous year.
  2. The overall volume and severity of non-violent crime, as measured by the non-violent CSI rose  2%  from the previous year (largely driven by increases in police-reported incidents of fraud).
  3. After notable increases in property offences in 2015, police-reported crime rates for all types of property crimes decreased or remained the same in 2016, with the exception of theft of $5,000 or under and total fraud. The rate of total fraud, which includes general fraud (+14%), identity fraud (+16%) and identity theft (+21%), was 14% higher than in 2015.
  4. Police-reported rates of cannabis-related drug offences declined for the fifth consecutive year in 2016. The rate of possession of cannabis declined 12% from 2015 
  5. The rate of impaired driving decreased by 3% in 2016 to 194 impaired driving incidents per 100,000 population, representing the fifth consecutive decline.

The slight increase in the national CSI between 2015 and 2016 was primarily driven by a continued increase in the rate of fraud (+14%). Increases in police-reported rates of administration of justice offences, sexual violations against children and child pornography were also reported. These increases were offset by fewer police-reported incidents of breaking and entering, mischief and robbery resulting in a slight increase to Canada’s CSI compared to 2015.
Between 2015 and 2016, 20 of 33 of Canada’s census metropolitan areas (CMAs) reported increases in their Crime Severity Index (CSI). Calgary, which had the largest increase in CSI in 2015 (+30%), reported a 6% decline in 2016 primarily driven by decreases in breaking and entering and robbery. Similarly, of the other four CMAs which had recorded the largest increase in 2015, Victoria (-12%), Abbotsford-Mission (-5%) and Moncton (-4%) also reported declines in their CSIs in 2016. In Edmonton, however, crime continued to increase (+3%) as a result of increases in theft of $5,000 or under and fraud.Regina (125.8) and Saskatoon (117.8) were the CMAs with the highest CSIs in 2016, as has been the case since 2010. Relatively high CSIs were recorded in Edmonton (105.7), Winnipeg (103.9), Kelowna (100.3), Vancouver (94.3) and Abbotsford-Mission (91.4). These seven CMAs also had the highest police-reported crime rates in 2016

 Today I'll have you work on three questions about crime trends:
  1. Using pages 37 to 46 in the CRIM textbook outline and explain the crime patterns in relation to ecology, firearms, social class, age, gender and race.
  2. What is a chronic offender and what is the significance of Marvin Wolfgang's discovery (why is identifying the chronic offender important)?
  3. How would you explain the gender differences in the crime rate (why do you think males are more violent than females)? 

Monday, February 12, 2018

Tuesday, February 13. 2018

Today's schedule is C-D-A-B

C Block Criminology 12 - Today we will be in the library working on our second journal / blog entry. I would like you to tell me what you think about crime trends here in Canada / B.C. Specifically, I want you to tell me what you think about drug related crime. Violent and property crime patterns are generally decreasing however the one area that is on the rise is drug possession, trafficking, importing, and exporting (specifically possession of marijuana - up 4% since 2002 - and cocaine - up 19% since 2002 see Stats Can CSI here).

In addition to this Stats Can states, "British Columbia has consistently had a relatively high rate of police-reported drug offences. Regardless of the type of drug or the type of offence, the rates of drug crime in British Columbia have been among the highest in Canada for 30 years. In 2007, the total drug crime rate in this province (654 incidents per 100,000 population) was more than double the rate in Saskatchewan, the next highest province. In accordance with the province as a whole, relatively high rates of drug offences are found in the census metropolitan areas (CMA) of Vancouver, Victoria and Abbotsford. Along with Trois-Rivières and Gatineau, these cities have reported the highest rates in Canada for the past five years. The rates in Vancouver and Victoria have been among the highest in the country since 1991".

So....Today you will need to write your thoughts on the following: Why has British Columbia consistently had high rates of police reported drug offences? Use what you've learned about crime theories and your own thoughts on crime theories to answer why. Once you've done this, then find an article about a recent drug crime here in B.C., make a link to the news article on your blogsite and then write how crime theories explain the crime (Look at this news about a 35 kilogram cocaine bust off in the Kootenays or this news about six people arrested in Saanich for 26 litres of GHB gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid a date-rape drug, 100 grams of crystal meth, four ounces of heroin, 16 grams of marijuana and $20,000 cash). Don't forget excellent crime news websites are the CANOE CNews Crime site...or the Toronto Star Crime site...or  Global News Crime site...or the Huffington Post Canada Crime ...or the Vancouver Sun Crime Blog

D Block Human Geography 11 - Today we'll look at the Key Question: Where Is the World’s Population Distributed? Human beings are not distributed uniformly across Earth’s surface. We can understand how population is distributed by examining two basic properties - concentration and density. Today we'll examine where populations are concentrated looking at the concept of ecumene. Lastly we'll look at density in terms of arithmetic, physiological and agricultural forms. You've got three questions to answer for me today:
  1.  Why isn’t North America one of the four major population clusters?
  2. On the map in the week 3 package...use the maps on page 47 to prepare a sketch map that shows non-ecumene and very sparsely inhabited lands (remember map basics!)
  3. . In terms of food supply, which measure of density is most important when considering whether a country’s population is too large? Why?



A Block Law 12 - Today we'll finish sections 7 - 14 of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms (legal rights section). I'll have you work on the following questions: page 54 q 1-3; page 56 q 1 &  2.

B Block Introduction to Law 10 - Today we'll finish up work on our "Typical Victim" of Assault. Don't forget to look through the crime statistics in the course booklet on page 4 that I handed out today for help. Who will most likely be assaulted and why? Now you are taking information and enhancing stereotypes for the people you are drawing. The stereotypes you're basing your drawings on are an example of profiling. Later this week we'll take a deeper look at criminal profiling starting with a look at what psychopathy really is along with the differences between serial and mass murder. The poster is due on Thursday and next Monday you'll have a quiz then begin your first major assignment in the course.

Wednesday, February 7, 2018

Thursday, February 8. 2018

Today's schedule is D-C-B-A

D Block Human Geography 11 - Today to help answer the Key Question: Why Are Some Human Actions Not Sustainable? we'll examine the concept of possibilism connected to sustainability and cultural ecology. Yesterday we looked at the United Nations Sustainable Development goals and today we'll examine two examples of how human beings have altered the physical environment in the Netherlands and in Florida. From the text...

Few ecosystems have been as thoroughly modified by humans as the Netherlands and Florida's Everglades. Because more than half of the Netherlands lies below sea level, most of the country today would be under water if it were not for massive projects to modify the environment by holding back the sea. Meanwhile, the fragile landscape of south Florida has been altered in insensitive ways.
So I'd like you to identify in point form the problems in both these locations and explain what have humans done (Describe the human modifications and adaptations to these two environments).



At the bottom of the page in our week 2 package I'd also like you to answer the following:

Both the Netherlands and the Florida Everglades face threats to sustainability. Which is better positioned to face future challenges? Explain your answer.    

C Block Criminology 12 - Today I'd like you to come up with a list of 5 Violent, 5 Property and 5 Social crimes in Canada and identify if you think they are on the increase, decrease or are steady.

Violent violations include: homicide, attempted murder, sexual assault (levels 1-3), assault level 3 aggravated, assault level 2 weapon or bodily harm, assault level 1, assault peace officer, assaulting with a weapon or causing bodily harm to a peace officer, aggravated assault to a peace officer, robbery, criminal harassment, uttering threats, sexual violations against children, firearms (use of, discharge, pointing), forcible confinement or kidnapping, abduction, extortion, Indecent/Harassing communications, commodification of sexual activity,

Property violations include: B&E, theft of motor vehicle, theft over $5000, theft under $5000, mischief, possession of stolen property,  trafficking in stolen property, fraud, identity theft, identity fraud, arson, altering, removing or destroying vehicle identification number (VIN).

Social violations include: disturbing the peace, impaired driving, child pornography (possession, production and distribution), drug offences (possession, production and distribution), weapons (possession, production and distribution), prostitution (purchasing sexual services or communicating with the intention of buying sex)

We'll look at what you think and then we'll start with a look at the BC Crime trends from 1998 - 2007 and then we'll talk about the disparity (difference) between the public perception of violent crime and the actual rates of violent crime in Canada....hint take a look to the left.

The crime data indicate that rates have declined significantly in the past few years and are now far less than they were a decade ago. Suspected causes for the crime rate drop include an increasing prison population, more police on the street, the end of the crack epidemic and the age structure of society. The data sources show relatively stable patterns in the crime rate. Ecological patterns show that crime varies by season and by urban versus rural environment, however there is evidence of gender patterns in the crime rate: Men commit more crime than women. Age is one of the largest influences on crime; young people commit more crime than the elderly (and there are fewer young people in society). Crime data show that people commit less crime as they age, but the significance and cause of this pattern are still not completely understood. Similarly, racial and class patterns appear in the crime rate. However, it is still unclear whether these are true differences or a function of discriminatory law enforcement.
CTV News Crime Severity
Canada's Most Dangerous Places Maclean's

B Block Introduction to Law 10 - Today we'll try to understand what a victim of crime is. We'll discuss victims of crime and victimology and the "Theories of Victimization" (active & passive victimization; deviant place & high risk lifestyles; and routine activities). After, you have the class work on the following assignment:

Every day we have specific routines we engage in. Many of these routines are tailored to preventing us from becoming victims of crime. We do things like lock our doors, watch where we walk at night, or avoid walking alone. We take these actions because at some level we are afraid of the possibility of being a victim of crime. Despite taking these actions people often fall prey to crime in Canada.

Is there a “typical” victim of crime? I would like you to explain and draw the typical victim of that crime now. I want you to think about STEREOTYPES...What would the stereotypical victim of an assault look like and behave like? An assault is any unwanted application of force so who would be the typical person in school that would be punched, shoved, or picked on? You will need to keep in mind the demographic statistics about victims and the factors that add to the risks of being a victim. This will be due on Friday. You will need to look at the following factors when determining who might be a target for violent crime in Canada:

• Gender
• Age
• Social Status (wealth and social cohorts)
• Relationship status
• Behaviour / Demeanour
• Location

So there are two things you need to accomplish:

A) Identify the characteristics listed above of the most likely victim of that crime (you may cheat and look in the course handout/booklet I'll give you tomorrow to see some characteristics)

B) Draw what you believe the typical victim of the violent crime, that you chose, to look like (11 x 17 paper will be provided for you).

A Block Law 12 - Today I'll give you time to work on questions 1-4 of the Canada (Attorney General) v. JTI Macdonald Corp., (2007) case on page 44 in the text. This deals with whether limits imposed on tobacco manufacturers’ freedom of expression by provisions of Tobacco Act and Tobacco Products Information Regulations are justified (referring to Charter sections section 2.b Freedom of Expression and section 1 Reasonable Limits). I'd also like you to work on question 3 from page 46 which deals with the R. v. Keegstra (1990) and R. v. Butler (1992) cases. To end the class, we'll go through sections 7 - 14 of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms (legal rights section). We'll look at two cases: Rodriguez v British Columbia (Attorney General), 1993 - which deals with Section 7 of the Charter (life, liberty and security of the person) and R. v. Tessling, 2004 - which deals with Section 8 of the Charter (search and seizure). For more information on the fight in Canada for the right to die on one's own terms look at the CBC In Depth site on the Sue Rodriguez case. In 2011, Gloria Taylor from Kelowna filed a case in B.C. Supreme Court to grant her the right to a doctor-assisted suicide. More info on this case can be found here.