Thursday, September 21, 2017

Friday, September 22. 2017

Welcome Autumnal Equinox. Today's schedule is B-A-D-C.

B Block Physical Geography 12 -  Today in class you’ll look at tectonics and plate boundaries. You’ll have to take down a few notes on divergent, convergent, and transform plate boundaries along with hot spots and then you'll need to work on two questions on geothermal energy and the effects of the Juan de Fuca plate and ridge just off our shores. While you're doing this we'll watch:
 For more on Plate Tectonics check out:
Earth Floor: Plate Tectonics
UCal Berkeley Plate Tectonics animated Gifs
NASA: Our Restless Planet animation library
Plate Tectonics Earth View
Plate Tectonics animations - University of Kentucky
UCAR - University of Michigan - Plate Tectonics
Essentials of Geology textbook Plate Tectonics animations
Hey remember that Juan de Fuca plate question...lookie what just happened


D Block Criminology 12 -Today you have time to complete yesterday's questions:
  1. Briefly outline and explain the patterns we've identified in victimization (social ecology, household, personal characteristics and repeat victimization)
  2. Explain and compare the three theories of crime victimization (as a comparison chart or Venn diagram)
While that's happening, I'll have you watch a 20/20 episode called "Out of the Woods" In the story, a birthday sleepover ends with a 12-year-old close to death. Girls tell Police they plotted to kill friend for 'slender Man' and meet the 12-year-old 'slender Man' attack survivor.



C Block Human Geography 11 - Today we're in the library looking at 2017 World Population Data (using both the PRB Interactive Map and the pdf data sheet) to see current trends and numbers in world population. You have a webquest with questions in your week 3 work package to answer. You may work with a partner to find answers to the 17 questions but you all need to record answers. Use:

2017 World Population Data Map
2017 World Population Datasheet

For the last question you'll need to choose one of the following demographic variables using the World Population Data Sheet and create a choropleth map showing the distribution of that indicator on a world outline map:

Infant Mortality
Birth Rate
Death Rate
Total Fertility Rate
Life Expectancy

The instructions are in the week 3 package but feel free to ask me in class today. Good luck!

Wednesday, September 20, 2017

Thursday, September 21. 2017

Today's schedule is D-C-B-A

D Block Criminology 12 - So I lose 15 of you at 9:20 am for Post Secondary Institution day (all grade 12's need to go to the library for this event). Today I'd like you to read through the "Nature of Victimization" on pages 53-5 and 57-58  and "Theories of Victimization" dealing with Victim Precipitation, Lifestyle, and Routine Activities on pages 59-62 in the CRIM text. After discussing these sections your job will be to complete the following:

1. Briefly outline and explain the patterns we've identified in victimization (social ecology, household, personal characteristics and repeat victimization)
2. Explain and compare the three theories of crime victimization (as a comparison chart)

For more on victim assistance see:
BC Ministry of Justice Victims and Witnesses of Crime and Violence
Victim Link BC
National Office for Victims
Victim Services Corrections Canada
Canadian Resource Centre for Victims of Crime

There is a good CBC article here on the costs associated with victims of violent crime.

C Block Human Geography 11 - Today and tomorrow we're in the library looking at 2017 World Population Data (using both the PRB Interactive Map and the pdf data sheet) to see current trends and numbers in world population. You have a webquest with questions in your week 3 work package to answer. You may work with a partner to find answers to the 17 questions but you all need to record answers. Use:

2017 World Population Data Map
2017 World Population Datasheet

For the last question you'll need to choose one of the following demographic variables using the World Population Data Sheet and create a choropleth map showing the distribution of that indicator on a world outline map:

Infant Mortality
Birth Rate
Death Rate
Total Fertility Rate
Life Expectancy

The instructions are in the week 3 package but feel free to ask me in class today or tomorrow. Good luck!

B Block Geography 12 - Yesterday we looked at magma, igneous rocks, and plutonic (intrusive) igneous rock features (both concordant and discordant features). Today we will focus on sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. We'll take down a cross section diagram of the geology here in south western British Columbia. We'll collectively define compaction, cementation, recrystallization, clastic sedimentary rock, and non clastic sedimentary rock. We will define contact, regional, and dynamic metamorphosism and you'll have question 15 from page 366 in your Geosystems text for homework.

Check out the Dynamic Earth Interactive Rock Identification site here
Check out the Rock Cycle/Type animation from the BBC
Check out the Flash animation of Metamorphic Rock Creation here.
Check out the Rock Cycle Interactive from Prentice Hall here
Check out CK-12 Sedimentary Rock or Metamorphic rock information.


Tuesday, September 19, 2017

Wednesday, September 20. 2017

Today's schedule is B-A-D-C

 B Block Physical Geography 12 - Today we'll work in our week 3 package on  igneous rocks and plutonic features. We'll have a diagram to complete and then there will be three questions to work on (12, 13, &14 from page 366 in your Geosystems textbook). Before we do that let's see what Bill Nye has to tell us about Rocks and Soil...Bill?

Just a reminder that your Prince Rupert topographic map and your wee 2 work package are due today.

D Block Criminology 12 -  Today you'll have time to work on three questions about crime trends from yesterday:

  1. Using pages 37 to 46 in the CRIM textbook outline and explain the crime patterns in relation to ecology, firearms, social class, age, gender and race.
  2. What is a chronic offender and what is the significance of Marvin Wolfgang's discovery (why is identifying the chronic offender important)?
  3. How would you explain the gender differences in the crime rate (why do you think males are more violent than females)? 

After a bit we'll talk about victims of crime. Every day we have specific routines we engage in. Many of these routines are tailored to preventing us from becoming victims of crime. We do things like lock our doors, watch where we walk at night, or avoid walking alone. We take these actions because at some level we are afraid of the possibility of being a victim of crime. Despite taking these actions people often fall prey to crime in Canada. So what do we know about victimization?

  1. Women were at higher risk than men of being victims of a violent crime
  2. Age was the key risk factor in violent victimization
  3. Drug use, binge drinking and the frequency of evening activities were associated with the risk of violent victimization
  4. Mental health was associated with the risk of violent victimization
  5. People who suffered child maltreatment were more likely to be victims of a violent crime
  6. People with a history of homelessness were more likely to report being a victim of a violent crime
  7. The risk of violent victimization was higher among people residing in a neighbourhood with low social cohesion
  8. Aboriginal people, in particular women, were more likely to be victims
  9. One-quarter of violent incidents took place at the victim’s place of work
  10. The majority of offenders were male and, on average, in their early thirties
  11. Most victims knew their attacker
  12. Most violent incidents did not involve weapons and did not result in physical injury
  13. Low social cohesion was associated with a higher risk of household victimization
  14. Households residing in apartments or condos were less likely to be victimized by household crime
  15. The size of the household was linked to the risk of victimization
  16. One incident in five resulted in losses of $1,000 or more
  17. Most incidents of victimization did not come to the attention of the police

C Block Human Geography 11 - Today's key question is "Why Does Population Growth Vary among Regions"? and it's kind of an important one to look at. Although population rates vary among countries, the model for a similar process of change in a society’s population is the demographic transition. So we'll look at the model...it looks like this

 and then I'll have you fill in the chart on the week three work package with characteristics describing each stage in the demographic transition model (CBR, CDR, NIR, etc.) along with the amount of growth of each stage (low, high, decreasing (aka moderate) etc.

Consider Bulgaria. Bulgaria is projected to have the fastest-shrinking population in the world. It's already lost a fifth of its population since the 1990s. But what does this mean for those who remain? Bulgaria's dwindling population numbers happen in part because a lot of young adults have left the country so the birth rate is low but the Bulgarian government does not see immigration as a possible solution to the country's dwindling population. So...stage 4 (maybe 5) in the DTM. What should they do?

Next we look at the ideas of Thomas Malthus (Malthusian theory)


 I'll have you fill in a chart on the various theories of population growth and we end with this question:

Paul and Anne Ehrlich argue in The Population Explosion (1990) that a baby born in a developed country poses a greater threat to sustainability than a baby born in a developing country because people in developed countries place much higher demands on the world’s supply of energy, food, and other limited resources. Do you agree with this view? Why or Why not?

Monday, September 18, 2017

Tuesday, September 19. 2017

Today's schedule is C-D-A-B

C Block Human Geography 11 - Today we'll try to answer the Key Question "Why Is Global Population Increasing"? Geographers most frequently measure population change in a country or the world as a whole through three measures -  crude birth rate, crude death rate, and natural increase rate and we'll look at those today along with measures of fertility and mortality along with population pyramids.


You'll have some questions to work on for me in order to understand our key concept:

  1. About how many people are being added to the world’s population each year?
  2. How does the TFR in your family compare to the overall figure for North America? 
  3. Match the Country with the population pyramid and explain why (Canada, Chad & Germany)
  4. Name a type of community that might have a lot more males than females. Why so?

We'll also play around a bit on Gapminder to visualize these statistics

D Block Criminology 12 - You now know that the crime data indicate that rates have declined significantly in the past few years and are now far less than they were a decade ago. One of the major suspected causes for the crime rate drop is the age structure of society; the number of young males in Canada is lower than before and the data sources show relatively stable patterns in the crime rate. Ecological patterns show that crime varies by season and by urban versus rural environment, however there is evidence of gender patterns in the crime rate: Men commit more crime than women. Age is one of the largest influences on crime; young people commit more crime than the elderly (and there are fewer young people in society). Crime data show that people commit less crime as they age, but the significance and cause of this pattern are still not completely understood.

Although police-reported crime in Canada (measured by the Crime Severity Index CSI) increased for the second year in a row in 2016, the national CSI increased only 1% but remained 29% lower than a decade earlier in 2006. Highlights of the Stats Can Report show:

  1. In 2016, the overall volume and severity of violent crime, as measured by the violent CSI, was virtually unchanged from the previous year.
  2. The overall volume and severity of non-violent crime, as measured by the non-violent CSI rose  2%  from the previous year (largely driven by increases in police-reported incidents of fraud).
  3. After notable increases in property offences in 2015, police-reported crime rates for all types of property crimes decreased or remained the same in 2016, with the exception of theft of $5,000 or under and total fraud. The rate of total fraud, which includes general fraud (+14%), identity fraud (+16%) and identity theft (+21%), was 14% higher than in 2015.
  4. Police-reported rates of cannabis-related drug offences declined for the fifth consecutive year in 2016. The rate of possession of cannabis declined 12% from 2015 
  5. The rate of impaired driving decreased by 3% in 2016 to 194 impaired driving incidents per 100,000 population, representing the fifth consecutive decline.

The slight increase in the national CSI between 2015 and 2016 was primarily driven by a continued increase in the rate of fraud (+14%). Increases in police-reported rates of administration of justice offences, sexual violations against children and child pornography were also reported. These increases were offset by fewer police-reported incidents of breaking and entering, mischief and robbery resulting in a slight increase to Canada’s CSI compared to 2015.
Between 2015 and 2016, 20 of 33 of Canada’s census metropolitan areas (CMAs) reported increases in their Crime Severity Index (CSI). Calgary, which had the largest increase in CSI in 2015 (+30%), reported a 6% decline in 2016 primarily driven by decreases in breaking and entering and robbery. Similarly, of the other four CMAs which had recorded the largest increase in 2015, Victoria (-12%), Abbotsford-Mission (-5%) and Moncton (-4%) also reported declines in their CSIs in 2016. In Edmonton, however, crime continued to increase (+3%) as a result of increases in theft of $5,000 or under and fraud.Regina (125.8) and Saskatoon (117.8) were the CMAs with the highest CSIs in 2016, as has been the case since 2010. Relatively high CSIs were recorded in Edmonton (105.7), Winnipeg (103.9), Kelowna (100.3), Vancouver (94.3) and Abbotsford-Mission (91.4). These seven CMAs also had the highest police-reported crime rates in 2016

 Today I'll have you work on three questions about crime trends:
  1. Using pages 37 to 46 in the CRIM textbook outline and explain the crime patterns in relation to ecology, firearms, social class, age, gender and race.
  2. What is a chronic offender and what is the significance of Marvin Wolfgang's discovery (why is identifying the chronic offender important)?
  3. How would you explain the gender differences in the crime rate (why do you think males are more violent than females)? 

B Block Geography 12 - Don't forget, you may use the Earth Interior web page or the Dynamic Earth webpage to help with questions 7 & 8 from page 366 of your Geosystems text (answers can be found between pages 334 and 336 of the text). After, we'll discuss the differences between Sial and Sima (continental and oceanic crust) along with figuring out what buoyancy and isostasy are. You'll need to complete question 9 from page 366 of the text (isostasy, isostatic rebound, and crustal equilibrium). We'll also transfer some notes into our week 3 package on the rock cycle and then we'll focus on igneous rocks and plutonic features. If you need help look at the Geology for Kids web page, the flash animated movie on the Kids Know It network, or the e-notes on Earthfacts

Sunday, September 17, 2017

Monday, September 18. 2017

Today's schedule is A-B-C-D

B Block Geography 12 - OK Lets get this out of the way right now....No the horribly bad 2003 movie "The Core" is not possible! No, not just bad but impossibly so.

We do not have the technology to burrow our way to the core of the earth and detonate a nuclear device in order to start the liquid outer core rotating. Today we start with tectonics and the internal structure/composition of the earth. We'll take some notes down in the week 3 package on core, mantle, and crust and then we'll watch the first 20 minutes of the Amazing Planet DVD from National Geographic. You may use the Earth Interior web page or the Dynamic Earth webpage to help with questions 7 & 8 from page 366 of your Geosystems text (answers can be found between pages 334 and 336 of the text).



Use this diagram for your notes in the week


C Block Human Geography 11 -
 Today we'll look at the Key Question: Where Is the World’s Population Distributed? Human beings are not distributed uniformly across Earth’s surface. We can understand how population is distributed by examining two basic properties - concentration and density. Today we'll examine where populations are concentrated looking at the concept of ecumene. Lastly we'll look at density in terms of arithmetic, physiological and agricultural forms. You've got three questions to answer for me today:

  1.  Why isn’t North America one of the four major population clusters?
  2. On the map in the week 3 package...use the maps on page 47 to prepare a sketch map that shows non-ecumene and very sparsely inhabited lands (remember map basics!)
  3. . In terms of food supply, which measure of density is most important when considering whether a country’s population is too large? Why?


D Block Criminology 12 - Today we will be in the library working on our second journal / blog entry. I would like you to tell me what you think about crime trends here in Canada / B.C. Specifically, I want you to tell me what you think about drug related crime. Violent and property crime patterns are generally decreasing however the one area that is on the rise is drug possession, trafficking, importing, and exporting (specifically possession of marijuana - up 4% since 2002 - and cocaine - up 19% since 2002 see Stats Can CSI here).

In addition to this Stats Can states, "British Columbia has consistently had a relatively high rate of police-reported drug offences. Regardless of the type of drug or the type of offence, the rates of drug crime in British Columbia have been among the highest in Canada for 30 years. In 2007, the total drug crime rate in this province (654 incidents per 100,000 population) was more than double the rate in Saskatchewan, the next highest province. In accordance with the province as a whole, relatively high rates of drug offences are found in the census metropolitan areas (CMA) of Vancouver, Victoria and Abbotsford. Along with Trois-Rivières and Gatineau, these cities have reported the highest rates in Canada for the past five years. The rates in Vancouver and Victoria have been among the highest in the country since 1991".

So....Today you will need to write your thoughts on the following: Why has British Columbia consistently had high rates of police reported drug offences? Use what you've learned about crime theories and your own thoughts on crime theories to answer why. Once you've done this, then find an article about a recent drug crime here in B.C., make a link to the news article on your blogsite and then write how crime theories explain the crime (Look at this news about a 35 kilogram cocaine bust off in the Kootenays or this news about six people arrested in Saanich for 26 litres of GHB gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid a date-rape drug, 100 grams of crystal meth, four ounces of heroin, 16 grams of marijuana and $20,000 cash). Don't forget excellent crime news websites are the CANOE CNews Crime site...or the Toronto Star Crime site...or  Global News Crime site...or the Huffington Post Canada Crime site...or the Vancouver Sun Crime Blog